Arteriosclerosis obliterans effects diabetics about 10 times more often than the non-diabetic population in a given age group. Diabetes probably accelerates the atherosclerotic process. It produces peripheral neuropathy, impairing the patients awareness of local trauma. Resistance to infection is often impaired.It enhances cerebral atherosclerosis.Diabetes interferes with the patient’s ability to care for one’s self and particularly one’s feet.
Since the feet or anatomically the farthest part of the body from the heart, circulation and neurologic changes most often become apparent in the feet before other parts of the body. Since we walk and bear weight on our feet, trauma to them is frequent.
Improved regulation of the diabetic with diet, insulin, and/or anti-diabetic drugs enables diabetics to live long enough to develop atherosclerosis and its complications which affect all vascular areas-the feet, as well as the brain, eyes, heart, and kidney.
Some of the simple things diabetics can do for themselves are:
1-Check feet daily for cuts, cracks, or redness. Report any signs of infection to your podiatrist.
2-Protect feet with adequate shoes.
3-Never wear constricting shoes, socks, or stockings.
5-Do not use home remedies or caustic chemicals on your feet.