It mostly occurs in athletes who engage in running, basketball, gymnastics, dance and tennis. They are a higher risk due to repetitive stress that is placed on their feet and ankles. Compared to the fracture which is broken a bone, a stress fracture is just a small crack in the bone. It happens when repeated impact happens on a bone, and your muscles are unable to absorb that pressure.
The condition occurs when there are calcium deposits which result to a bony protrusion on your heel bone. Those people who are prone to this kind of state are the athletes with feet that are very flat or high arches. Other factors which may cause it are improper footwear or running on hard surfaces. You will mostly experience extreme pain when you are either standing or walking. Most people can recover without surgery by either physical therapy, muscle or tendon tapping, heel stretching exercises or using anti-inflammatory medications.
Like most ankle sports injuries, you can have a moderate ankle sprain which means that you will experience minimal pain or severe making walking or standing difficult or painful. It involves twisting of your foot that causes damage to the ligaments of an ankle. The most common are inversion ankle sprains which are due to the foot twisting inwards damaging the outer ligaments. Outward twisting of the foot usually causes severe damage to your inside ankle ligaments.